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How to grow corn? from planting to harvest


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How to grow corn? from planting to harvest

Corn from planting to harvest
William Kant, a leading agricultural scientist and science scientist in New York in the first quarter of the nineteenth century, said that corn is not only the blessing of the country but also the greatest blessing God has given to all humankind forever.

Americans were the first to use corn. Corn is one of the most important cereals. Origin of America continent.

The corn, maize, and the scientific name Zea mays are from the Poaceae family and one of the four major crops in the world, and the world's third largest crop in the world after wheat and rice. The name of this plant is in English corn in Persian and Arabic corn.


Corn was not known as a crop until 1492 AD (the year of the discovery of America) on the continent of Asia, Europe, and Africa. But the plant was known centuries ago in Central America and cultivated by the American Indian redder, and as a result of its Latin name, it was taken from a clan named Maris Mahig. US explorer Christoph Columbus first took corn grain from America to Europe and gave it the name Mais. Then, over the years, corn was sown through the orange country to Africa and southern Europe to India and China. It is believed that the seeds of this plant, like grains, have cloaks, and are in the form of a mutation in today's celery.
More than 100 million hectares of agricultural land annually is allocated to corn cultivation, and after wheat, it occupies the largest cultivar, while its production is afterward and rice is grown. The importance of the product and the high level of cultivation of this plant due to its adaptability to various climatic conditions is, therefore, one of the most important regions of the temperate, warm temperate, subtropical and humid regions.
Due to its nutritional value, the plant is of interest to Mexico, Peru, Central America, and most South American countries. According to various and different evidence, corn cultivation has also been used centuries ago by indigenous peoples of the area, and they have contributed a lot to correct it and even provided figures. Corn is a horse's tooth that has more adaptive power under different weather conditions.

The corn is a native plant of Central America and Mexico and has come from elsewhere in the world.

A Brief Corn Botany

The corn is a plant for one year and a base with a right stem with a height of up to four millimeters.

The corn is a Monique-monoecious base, meaning that the male and female flowers are separate from each other but on a base. Corn material flowers are produced from the bud that lies at the base of the leaf sheath. After the evolution, the corn spike axis turns into a caudal axis (axial axis of the ear), which are placed on a spike axis of several spines, each of which has two female flowers.

 Out of the ovary, a tall, narrow stigma is called the style, in which there is a delicate, stigma. This long rod extends from the apex of the rounded shell and appears. The first cream bar is removed from the lower part of the ear and the last from the bottom of the ear. The cream bar needs formation for about 5 to 10 days. The cream bar in its entirety can directly accept male pollen.

The number of maize corn per plant varies from one to 12 in different varieties depending on the variety. Male corm plant is located at the end of the main stem in the form of a cluster and sub-cluster, on which two spikes are tall, and the other is short regularly on this cluster or cluster. Each spike has two flowers, and each flower has three flags. As it is mentioned, corn is a plant and therefore, due to the separation of reproductive organs, it is directly pollinated, and pollen is transmitted in different ways to female members.

 Corn leaves are alternate and long. Male cornflowers are clustered with bright red hyacinths. Its flowers are composed of 2 to 4 flowers, along with corn leaves.

The membrane that covers the ear is green and like the leaves. Corn-shaped spherical beads are located around the central axis of the ear. These seeds are yellow or brown.

Botanical profile:
Root :
Corn has three roots:

 1. Seeds and roots of the root The number of these roots is 3 to 5, and they appear to sprout with the gold seed. The work of these roots is the absorption of water and food from the depths of the soil.

2- Roots of the coronal or secondary: from groups located in the crown of the plant and under the surface of the soil developed and expanded, their number ranges from 7 to 8, and sometimes to 15 to 20, the work of these roots absorbs water and food from the soil surface Is.
Aerial or holding roots: These roots are in fact the same crown roots that are produced above the surface of the soil, their role is more in the vertebrate of the herd, because the length of the plant is high and therefore, to resist the lies of these roots, such as a barrel of action The role of these roots in absorption is very low.


Corn shoots, like all other cereal straw and knotted, are empty and cylindrical, and its length, depending on the cultivar, may vary from 30 cm to 7/5 m and the risk is from 1 cm3 to 1 cm5.
Stems of corn in the image of other cereals are usually without branched and do not produce pennants. Harvesting in corn rarely occurs, and Hard cultivars show good resistance to lying. It should be noted that the corn is usually 1.5 to 2.5 meters long.

Like other grains, it is formed from flattening and flaking. The length of corn leaves is from 30 to 80 cm and sometimes varies, and the width of each leaf is about 8 to 10 cm.

 One-year-old corn is a plant that male and female flowers along the stem form in the nodes and adjacent to the leaves, and the number of female flowers is different in different corn varieties, cornflowers are generally considered as the spike, and in fact, male, and cluster flowers And the flower is the spike.

 In the future, the flowers of the female produce corn, which is corn, which has a pivot axial called coconut (cod), which are arranged in regular rows, covered with two thick folds, and Sira, at the end of the branch, and The hawks produce corn. It should be noted that the axis of the inflorescence is the same as the stalk and has three flags.

As a result, free pollination may be about 1 to 15 percent, direct pollination in corn. Corn pollen arrives in almost all the varieties one to five days before the advent of the members (protandry). It takes a few days to make cornflowers. After the flagpole has been removed, a large amount of light pollen is released from the pollen bag. As it is calculated, corn produces about 25,000 pollen grains for female flowers. Indirect pollination of corn is most commonly caused by wind, and the wind can transmit up to several kilometers of pollen.

Caryopsis corn seed and its crust only contain Pericarp. Corn has straight and straight stems, and its length can reach up to eight meters in dry areas. It is interesting to know that for the formation of one kilogram of dry matter, it requires about 315 to 415 liters of water.

On average, the chemical compounds of dry corn are as follows
77%: Starch
9% protein
5%: oil
5%: Pentosan
2% sugar
2%: ash

Corn types
Corn is a species, but it consists of different varieties and varieties:
- Corn teeth (Zea mays var. Indentata)
- Cereal corn (Zea mays var. Indurata)
- Maize (Zea mays var. Amyalcea)
- Popcorn corn (Zea mays var. Everta)
- corn kernel (Zea mays var. Tunicate)
- Wax corn (Zea mays var. Ceratina)
- Sweet corn (Zea mays var. Saccharata)

Maize has several breeds that are classified according to the characteristics of the grain's endosperm texture:
Popcorn: Corn that is probably caused by mutations. Pericarp (outer layer of grain) is thin, which is suitable for the production of sweet corn with subtle skin. In this type of corn, the thick layer of hard endosperm contains starch endosperm. The endosperm starch granules of this type of corn are more moisture than other types, which, when heated, expanded to vapor. The internal water vaporcannott easily be removed from the outer layer of the endosperm. Inevitably, it will put a lot of pressure on this layer, blasting seeds and blowing puffs.
This corn is usually used to make popcorn or popcorn. The best moisture content for maximum puffiness is 14%.
Hard corn: All endosperm of this type of corn, which is in the center of the grain, is covered with a hard layer of endosperm. The ripe grains of this type of corn is round, smooth and amber. Their growth period is 80 to 100 days. The resulting calves are narrow and have roughly eight rows of seeds.
Horse tooth corn: This type of corn contains a mixture of soft and hard starch. The endosperm, which has hard starch, has a higher protein content. This type of corn is usually found in the corn groves of the United States. Bilal corn is a fairly large horse's tooth and has 16 to 30 rows of seeds. Due to its apparent grain qualities, it can be noted that there is a point dipped on the side of the grain crown that results from the drying of stomach endosperm.
Soft corn or flour: the major part of the endosperm is cornstarch. The only thin layer of endosperm contains this starch. Its seeds do not collapse, unlike the type of horse's tooth. This corn is used to decorate the food simply because it is found in different colors. Also, since the endosperm is soft, it can be used in the feeding of the animal in the same way without crushing and crushing it.
Sweet corn: Endosperm This corn is sweet, sugary and shiny, and unlike endosperm, other corn does not have a starchy state. The pericarp is thin when the grain arrives its sugar content is converted into starch and then into dextrin. Sweet corn has a variety of fresh, canned and frozen foods.
Waxy corn: Wax corn endosperm is apparently in the form of wax. Unlike other maize, which has endosperm starches of 71-72% amylopectin and 28-29% amylose, the endosperm of wax corn is entirely composed of amylopectin, which has a sticky and soft form. Wax corn apart from the oral intake is also used in the adhesive industry.

Corn Growth Periods:
 In general, it has been implanted, and the harvest of corn can be distinguished by four distinct periods. From mild growth period: This period starts from the time of emergence and continues until 150 to 20 days after the development of male flowers.
2. Period of rapid growth: from the appearance of male flowers to about ten days before milking. In this period, the weight of the plant reaches its maximum and its sensitivity to dehydration reaches its limit.
3. Period of mild weight loss: This period begins after the end of the second period, and until about ten days after the milk, the severity of the seeds continues.
4. Period of severe weight loss: This period begins after the previous period and lasts until the full grain reaches.

Environmental factors :
Among the environmental factors, we will refer to two factors: temperature and humidity.
A: Temperature: Generally a tropical plant is sensitive to freezing and requires high temperature during life.
The minimum temperature at the time of corn sprouting is 10 degrees, but some of its races grow well below 10 degrees. After crop cultivation, hot weather accelerates budding and root, but intense heat and lack of moisture, especially during flowering And especially the male flowers are damaging.

 B: Moisture: The amount of air humidity and the amount of celestial precipitation and its time play an important role in the yield of corn, and lack of precipitates is one of the factors limiting the cultivation of these plants in arid and semi-arid areas. Corn drought is possible at the points that Annual precipitation is less than 600 mm in the growing period. So, in our country, cultivation is practically watery. The durability of corn is much higher in the early stages of life than in the next stages.

 Requirements for plant growth:
Corn temperature, although it is a tropical plant, can not withstand the extremely warm weather. The most suitable environment for its cultivation is the area at which the temperature is at least 21 to 32 ° C for 3 to 4 consecutive months. If the mid-summer temperature of the corn cultivar is less than 18 ° C or the average summer temperature is less than 13 ° C, the growth rate of the plant is reduced and if the temperature drops, the corn will not be possible.

The corn plant usually needs plenty of water, usually in the stages of leaf development, pollination and seed formation, which often occurs during the warm summer months. The number of irrigation frequencies is affected by soil, air, etc., varying between 2 and 15 times. Corn production is possible in rainfed areas where rainfall is 250-2,500 mm annually.

The yield of corn is higher in deep, fertile and drained soils with moderate texture. Corn is very sensitive to the lack of oxygen due to moisture or the presence of subterranean compact layers. Corn is also able to grow in soils with its growth rate of 5.5 to 8. Of course, it is suitable for it. It usually lowers the amount of calcium absorption in the plant.

 Cultivation time: The best time to plant corn is when the temperature of the soil at a depth of 7 to 8 cm for 3 to 4 consecutive days in the spring is approximately 13 ° C. If the farmer is not able to measure the soil temperature, he can use the average air temperature at 7 am and 12 noon.

Fertilizers, especially fertilizers that contain nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, calcium, magnesium, and sulfur, as well as manganese, iron, zinc, and molybdenum, are very essential for increasing the level of corn production. The most appropriate time to use fertilizer is in the spring and before seeding or simultaneously with it. The best way to pour fertilizer is 5 cm from the seed and at a depth of 3 to 5 cm from the seed. The use of nitrogen fertilizers affects increasing the protein content of corn grain. Of course, excessive use of this type of fertilizer can result in delicate, thin, and extraordinary prolongation of the plant's stem, as well as excessive water intake by the plant. Urea, ammonium nitrate, ammonium sulfate, and ammonium phosphate are from various sources of nitrogen fertilizers. Of the total nitrogen absorbed by the plant, 50% of it is stored in the seed. Lack of nitrogen is associated with small, weak plant and yellow yellowing of leaves. Lack of phosphorus fertilizers delays the production of silk claws, as well as the yield of the product. Also, the deficiency of these fertilizers can cause the leaves of the young leaves to violet or violet, or cause the grain size of the corn on the ear not to be flattened. Unlike other cereals, corn crops use animal fertilizers. Of course, corn does not consume all the nutritional elements found in animal fertilizers.

Planting operation:
1. Land Preparation: The ground in which the corn is cultivated In the autumn of the year, it plows 15 to 20 cm deep and sometimes increases, causing the soil to be soiled, and the remains of the previous product and the weeds are taken to the depths of the soil. Meanwhile, Acceptance of groundwater reserves of moisture increases. In the spring, after weeding the weeds with a disk, they are taken to the depths of the soil, and afterward, the land is level, and then the land is prepared (1) plowing in autumn 2-plowing in the spring 3-disc 4-lever)

 2. Different ways of planting: Depending on the different factors, such as 1. Providing seedbed 2. Providing moisture 3. Competition with weeds and preventing cold weather damage. 2. Planting of corn.

 A: For the type of seedbed preparation

 A-Row C-row cultivation - Crop-cultivation on the margins of other crops.
Row Crop: There is no leaky irrigation and no traumatic problem. This method is applied in large lands and mechanized crops, and seed is cultivated in parallel rows with a certain distance from the corn crop rows. Irrigation in this method is carried out using Juno and Pistachio.
HORTICULTURAL CULTIVATION: More is used in traditional agriculture and is usually used for corn cultivation. After preparing and leveling the land, divide it into plots that have a length and width corresponding to the gradient of the land and irrigation water, and distribute the seed in plots by hand. They drench and irrigate it with a dent or disk. Irrigation is done by dipping this method.
B: Moisture Provisioning:
A: Dying

B: Nomin

A: Drying occurs when the time of cultivation of the corn is expired because irrigation before the crop and the patience of the cattle takes time to land, so in such cases, cultivate the land and subsequently irrigate it. In this way, as a risk of accidental injury Soil and, possibly, soil irrigation and seed transplantation, there are long field spots in the back areas, and it is necessary for the land to be leveled entirely before cultivation, even if the cultivation is done in a row in order to lessen the case.
B: Nemat or Harm in the spring about ten days before cultivating a lot of water to the ground, which does not fall to a depth of 2 m above the ground, and after undergoing a landslide, the soil is subjected to a lightweight disk and weighs the weeds. Cultivation of maize The seeds are planted using moisture in the soil, and they are uniformly green, and because of high irrigation intervals after irrigation, there is no risk of clogging the seed soil.

 C: Regarding competition with weeds and unfavorable factors such as cold weather:
In order to prevent the damage of these agents in some parts of the world, such as North Korea, they usually cultivate corn in the form of transplantation, so that they first cultivate the seeds in the greenhouse (earlier than the time of cultivation on the field), and the scientist obtaining suitable environmental conditions for the land. In this way, though, the performance will be higher, but costs will increase.

Corn Planting time:

It depends on factors such as the temperature of the environment and the soil and varies in different regions and occurs at a time when the temperature of the spring is completely lost.
The most suitable temperature for maize seed germination is 3/18 C, and the germination time should not be less than 10 and 35 times higher.

 Seed quantity required per unit area:
In maize, seed weight per unit area is not significant, and the seed is calculated and cultivated regarding number per square meter or hectare. Plant density per unit area depends on soil fertility, and irrigation water levels, usually from 20,000 or 60,000 per plant Per hectare varies.

A: Irrigation:

Corn is a plant that needs a lot of water during its lifetime. The water crisis of these plants is from the time of the emergence of male flowers to the emergence of corn stings. In this period, if the moisture content is not sufficient enough, the pollen operation is not well done, and consequently, Squirrels become low.

B: Weeding and breaking:

About 30 to 40 days after planting, when the plant height reaches 15 to 20 cm, weeding and creeping operations begin (weed and offending operations can be done with fertilizer). Another way to combat weeds in large farms is usually to use Chemical herbicides are like a saddle.

 C: Corn food requirements:

Corn, like all other crops, needs enough food throughout its life. Corn food is usually supplied with a variety of fertilizers, including green and chemical animal fertilizers. Animal and greenhouse fertilizers supply some of the corn's nutrients and provide complete food Food uses chemical fertilizers. Absorption of nitrogen from the soil occurs at all stages of plant growth, but its amount in the early age is less absorbed. At the time of emergence of male and female flowers, the absorption of nitrogen is maximum, and after flowering, the absorption is reduced again. The most important period of corn needs for phosphorus after flowering and near the arrival of grain is when the seed reaches nearly three-quarters of the phosphorus in the plant. Approximately one-third of the potassium required by the plant before flowering and the rest of it was absorbed before soil grazing, and a relatively small amount of potassium concentrates in the seed.

Harvesting operations:

For harvest, grain moisture should be between 20% and 25%. If the crop is to be used for livestock, the corn can also be harvested with a moisture content of 25 to 28 percent. Nowadays, the earliest digestion is done with the Chinese ear tags, as well as the separation of the corn seeds from the ear, with the seeding machine. China's earliest apples are sliced from the bush and cut off its pods. The granulation machine separates the corn grain from the bean. To store the beans, they should bring the moisture content to 17%. The storage temperature should not exceed 10 ° C. Of course, seeds with a moisture content of more than 17 percent can be stored at higher temperatures. Harvesting Time If the corn is to be planted for harvesting, the harvest should be done when the plant is physiologically and agriculturally complete.

 Determination of harvest time regarding crop:

 1. Type of cultivar: In areas where the season is short and in early autumn rain and rain it is difficult to harvest, then early crops should be used to harvest earlier.

 2. Fertilizer: In areas where chemical fertilizers are used in particular fertilizers, the growth of the plant grows, and the seeds get later, so their harvest is carried out later.

3. Soil: In clay or heavy soils, due to the storage of moisture, the planting period is longer than the sandy soils, so their harvest is carried out later.
4. Irrigation: Extends the plant's length of life and delays production and harvest.
5. Plant density: The higher the plant density per unit area, the more difficult the use of light and food for the plant. And the plants grow more in competition with each other in absorbing light and food, and as a result, the harvesting and harvesting of the seeds are backward.
6. Weather: The cooler the weather and the less sunny days, the sooner the seeds get and harvest.

 Determine physiological harvesting time:
Regarding physiology, grains have maximum dry matter content and should reach about 15-20% moisture content to be harvestable. For grain harvesting, the moisture content of the grain should be at a level that does not crush much of the dryness of the harvesting machines. The wet amount that is molded in the warehouse.

Different ways of harvesting:

The harvest of corn is done in two ways, both for seeds and for forage.
1. Hand-picked: Hand-held harvesting is carried out in small and hilly crops, as well as in wet areas, which make harvesting season more difficult for harvesting fields.
2. Harvesting special machinery for large and mechanized crops such as using the chopper and combine and so on

  Effect of different elements on corn and their deficiency symptoms:
 Nitrogen (N): Increases protein content of the grain, the growth of the airways, and also increases the yield. In the case of a shortage of old leaves, the tip of the tip begins to become yellowish and goes along the middle vein in the shape of V.

 Phosphorus (p): It will help the corn soon. As a result, the plant does not damage the moisture and heat stress that occurs during the pollination stage, and if the plant is deficient, dark green leaves become purple, the clusters shrink, and the seeds become irregular.

 Potassium (k): Increases the length of the grain filling period and helps to smoothly handle and increase the number of seeds in the cluster and reduce the stress. In case of potassium deficiency, the leaves are relatively long and wrinkled, and long lines of lines appear below the leaf. Gets The margins of the leaves are burnt and brown, the clusters remain small, and the seeds do not form.

Corn harvest

Zinc (Zn): Helps increase the dry matter of the plant, and if the plant is deficient, chlorosis strips are formed on the leaves, and the leaves are twisted.

 On (B): Helps form pollen grains and plays an important role in cell wall construction. In the case of deficiencies, plant growth has decreased, dwarfism and reduced seed production.

Copper (Cu): It helps to form lignin and create a strong cell wall of the plant and increase plant resistance to wilt. In the case of copper deficiency, the growth of the plant decreases, the leaves become yellow and wither.

 Pests and corn diseases are major coronary diseases, black currant corn, and blackberry corn or corn. The cause of these two diseases is U.maydis and Sphacelotheca reiliana, respectively. The common melancholy disease has infected leaves and stems, and blackberry infects corn, flower or clay and replaces a multitude of spores from the fungus as a substitute for healthy plant tissues. Major diseases of corn leaf are leaf rust and bacterial wilting. Grain, spike, root and stem rot are also rarely seen from fungal diseases. Disinfecting corn seeds with Tizam, Orthosis, and Arzan are helpful in controlling this disease.

How to cultivate corn in Garmsar County:

Garmsar city is located in the southwest of Semnan province. Corn is a spring product in this area, and its cultivation is carried out in late spring with favorable weather conditions.

Corn Planting Date:
According to the principles of agriculture, it should be selected according to the type of environmental product, but in this area, generally, planting time is determined by other factors, which are also somewhat appropriate dates.
1-Readiness of the land itself, which has much to be explained. A: Most farmers, and not most of them, act about the time when the surrounding farmers are cultivating.

2- After the harvest of the previous product, which is mainly wheat and barley.

3- Due to the temperature of the air, the number of these farmers is small.
1. About one-third of the land allocated by farmers for the cultivation of corn is planted with wheat or barley and plowed as soon as they are harvested; and since irrigation of the land leads to a retreat, they refrain from irrigation; and As a result, the advantages of wet plowing remain in place.

How to prepare the land and planting:
After a fairly deep plowing of the disc and woman's lore, it is done in accordance with the principles of agriculture, but due to the incomplete familiarity of the drivers of the tractors with the principles of this, the land is not uniformly flattened, and when the Faroese machine creates a climber, stacks, and fields They also do not work properly, and should, therefore, be created by the boundaries of the Cretaceous, which will cause a lot of waste water to be run off, which is the main problem in preparing the land in the city.
After work of the Faroeur plant, the seed plant enters the ground and cultivates the seeds on the row, and usually, about 30 kg of seed per hectare is cultivated, which is higher due to the cultivator.

Fertilization :
Due to the frequent and relatively frequent use of the city in the past years, the land is rich in phosphorus, and it is not much to be consumed. Other fertilizers that are used before cultivation are potassium fertilizers. The main use of fertilizer for corn is urea fertilizer, which varies widely between farmers. And on average, 150-200 kg is used at the beginning of the cultivation, and the rest of the urea fertilizer is usually in the form of a road and usually in two rounds of irrigation in a solution. It is given to the ground.

Corn nutrient

WATERING systems :
Corn plant is one of the plants that need a lot of water and if the water is not provided at the right time for it, cultivation of this plant, except for the harm to Zare, is not harmful and according to the water resources of the city, I believe that corn is a cruel murderer of the city water and In the future, we will be sorry for these days. Usually the irrigation season in this area, due to the fact that the main source of water supply to the wells is agriculture, the irrigation period is not according to the needs of the plant and is determined according to the farmer's water cycle, which may be provided in a round from 7 to 7, and in a period of 13 days Exceeding the farm The experts of the Agricultural Office are another factor in the drop in the area. Long irrigation periods.


The operation included weed control and pest control, breakdown and Use of micronutrient fertilizers as spray and water-soluble

Removal :

 In the harvest area, there is almost no problem, and with the chopper in the farmers' area, they are harvesting their produce at the right time.

 Information on corn crop cultivation in the current year (88):

Distributed seed rate: t

Under cultivation: ha

The number of corn hectares insured land.

The amount of land left after harvesting wheat or corn zeolite: ha.

Average harvest in year 87 tons


Type and pests and types of combat:

1-Acre slaughter worm - Combat diazinon or larval (larvain is preferable to diazinon)

2. Cream of the root

Leaf and narrow weeds:

Straw-battleships by Tohrndar Shaw-Mechanical Struggle


Forage and Grain Corn Armani Plan:

 Type and amount of distributed inputs among farmers Design and review their performance:


Red elite

Liberal BMX

Flower Amine

Azodyn (Diazinon)


The most suitable potassium fertilizer is 100% soluble in water and almost chlorine free
• Ideal for consumption in any irrigation method
• Can be used in acidic and alkaline soils
• Lowest salinity and leaching index relative to other potassium fertilizers

The Importance of Potassium in Plant:

Activation of plant enzymes, hydrocarbon metabolism and protein synthesis, photosensitization, osmotic pressure regulation, cell division and growth of cells, arm closure of stomata, material transfer in drainage tubes, anion and cation balance, increased water use efficiency, increased frost resistance Drought and salinity, increased resistance to plant diseases and livestock, help stabilize N in legumes, improve the quality of agricultural products, ...


Advantages of SoloPTZ:

• Potassium fertilizer suitable for nitrate reduction:
Excessive nitrate in the fruit formation period results in poor fruit quality, SuloPtas sets up fertilization programs to ensure the timely supply of low nitrate crops.

  The minor amount of chlorine:
SoloPTs contain about 0.6% chlorine, chlorine ion is one of the most significant components in saline soils, and many of them contribute to the loss of quality of many crops that are susceptible to it.
 Lowest salinity index and salinity factor relative to other potassium fertilizers (potassium nitrate and potassium chloride): Su Lo Potassium is one of the best sources of potassium for areas at risk of salinity. It also reduces the cation leachate in light soils, which is less exposed. Leaching.

  Increase yield, quality, and nutritional value:
SoloPTs have a positive effect on the production of different types of vitamins, starches, and sugars that enhance the nutritional value of products.
 Increasing product resistance to disease, physical damage and improving storage capacity
Uniform results in different soils:
Suloptas reduces the pH of the roots in alkaline and saline soils, thereby facilitating the solubility and absorption of phosphorus, iron, and micronutrients by plant roots.

Suitable for sulfur:
Sulfur is an ion of sulfate that is easily absorbed by plants and is used to form important compounds such as amino acids and proteins and also interfere with the reaction of prosthesis.
 Drip irrigation systems due to acidity


High solubility:
Soloptaz is highly soluble in water, and its speed depends on the quality of irrigation water and the mixing method. It is recommended that Suloptas be dissolved in water before adding other fertilizers, especially magnesium fertilizer.
 Ideal for consumption through various irrigation methods (hill, strip, atmospheric and stack, rain, drip, ...) and leaf litter.


Method of administration: SoloPTAS can be used either through different irrigation systems or as a foliar application.
• Irrigation water:
The frequency or time interval between irrigation with solo PTZ will vary depending on the soil type. For example, irrigation water in sandy soils (light texture) should be done more frequently and with fewer amounts each time in comparison with clay soils (heavy texture) with high potassium fixation capacity.
• Leaf Spray:
Spraying with SoloPTAS is effective in removing or preventing potassium deficiency under the following conditions:
In the case of very rapid potassium withdrawal by the plant (for example, when the fruit is formed or grown)
In cases where soil potassium fixation capacity is high.
In salty conditions or when there is low moisture content in the demiurge.
Soloptosis is also very effective even in the absence of potassium deficiency.

Foliar application to provide additional potassium, in cases where potassium fertilizer is added to the soil, is a great way to produce the best quality products (especially in Virgo Sirai).

Methods for solubilizing Solution:

For the irrigation method, add 300 to 500 liters of water to the solution. Add the amount of soloPtaS to the water gradually, and if it is sprayed, first fill the tanker to two-thirds of the volume and then dilute the remaining 3/1 with water, Pour the water constantly so that the fertilizer is completely dissolved.
- If pH is alkaline water (8 <= "" p = "">

The amount of soloPTZ is different depending on the age of the trees and the age of the trees. The maximum solution concentration should not exceed 100 grams per liter.

SoloPTZ consumption in kilograms per hectare:


Time-consuming crop consumption
Irrigation water is 9-15 during the repeating season as needed
Irrigation under pressure (diameter and rain) 9-15
Leaf spray 5-10

SoloPTs with the recommended amount can be mixed with most fertilizers except calcium compounds; because it causes calcium sulfate (CaSO4) to form, it is recommended that sulphates be dissolved in water before other fertilizers (especially magnesium-containing fertilizers). Also, the solution of this fertilizer can be mixed with most insecticides and antifungal pesticides for a foliar application (it is recommended before mixing in the wide range).

Flower Amine:
Fluid ammonium fluoride has an algae extract

Due to the physiological activity of photosynthesis and respiration in the green limbs, organic and organic crops and grasses, such as sugars, amino acids, hormones and other organic matter, are produced. The plants from these organic substances are used to grow new organs, To produce flowers and fruit.

. Any disruption in the process of production of sugar, protein, and other organic matter reduces the growth rate of the plant and ultimately reduces the crop. Reduction and degradation of the green limbs of crops and gardens due to damage to pests, diseases, environmental stresses and Or the incorrect use of chemicals can interfere with the process of producing photosynthetic materials and other physiological activities of the plant. Sometimes, this disorder occurs at the most sensitive stages of growth and plant, such as flowering and fruit and seed formation, and at these sensitive stages, Plants are heavily "required for an organic matter such as sugars and amino acids to maintain crop production.

Ammonium Ammonium Ammonium Fertilizer With organic ingredients from sugar and amino acids and other organic ingredients, it has been able to help crop and garden plants in these sensitive stages to maintain and enhance the product.

In hot summer conditions, crops like corn, soybeans, and cotton, due to heat and temperature rise, produce less energy by photosynthesis than energy consumed by respiration, and thus stop growing as a result of reduced energy requirements. Or the growth rate of the plant decreases. In these situations, with the use of amalgam, it is possible to balance these two energies and to accelerate the process of growth and growth. Thus, many crops and gardens may have many limiting factors during their vegetative growth period Live and non-polluting, each of which can interfere with the process of growth and growth of plants, and, in recognition of their environment, they can be used to prevent their damage and to preserve the product from reinforcing and helping materials such as glutamine, which removes this fertilizer. Hiding food deficiencies also keeps the plant away from environmental stresses.

Glutamine is a new compound that, in addition to having all the essential nutrients of the plant, contains various amino acids, algae in yay, various hormones and vitamins necessary for the growth and increase of fruiting plants, and plays a significant role in plant tolerance to Environmental stresses like cold, heat, salinity and dryness.

All micronutrients except boron and magnesium are prepared as EDTA and from the company Exonobel Netherlands. Meanwhile, "Amino Acid and Seaweed, hormones, and vitamins are produced by the Italian company ATTACH, which has the highest quality, while it lacks any adverse effects on plants and humans.

In the form of the elements present in glutamine:

Iron O

Magnesium 3/0

Bor 15/0

Manganese 1/0

Copper 05/0

On 5/0

Hormone types 0.1%

Betaine 1/0

Seaweed 5

Amino acid 10

Carbon 25/1

The amount of vitamin needed.

 Red Elite Fertilizer: NPK (12-12-36)

Effective elements:

Nitrogen 12%, phosphate 12%, potash 36%, magnesium 1%, iron 0.06%, manganese 0.04%, zinc 0.05%, copper 0.15%, 0.01% molybdenum, 0.001 %

Diazinon (Benzodine-Diacop)
Chemical group :: Organo-phosphorus

Physical and Chemical Properties: The toxin is a colorless oil. Its solubility at a typical temperature of 40 mg / L is. It is resistant to sunlight and is unstable in acidic and alkaline environments. Only when the air is calm (wind speed less than 10 km / h) can be sprayed off.

Exposure to the environment: Residual residues may remain in the environment for a maximum of one month. If exposed to air, it will decompose in about ten days. But in the shadows, it will remain for more than three centuries.


LD50 = 300-400mg / kg Diazinon for honey beetles is very toxic and is toxic to fish. It has less toxicity for humans and livestock, but by breathing, it is more likely to poison it, so when using the spray, a special mask should be used.


Diazinon is a very effective contact lens that is used to control almost any insect. Its main application is in rice, fruit trees, vineyards, cane, corn, cotton, tobacco, and potatoes. It can be used against the end of the year, the thistle, the onion worm, the wheat germ, the ears, the erosive larvae, the Colorado potatoes, the vegetable coke, the fly fly, the apple grape, the rice stem borer, the aphid, the leaf rhizosphere, the thrips, the tick , Flour mushroom, butterfly, winter winters or any other garden ranch. At home, it can be used to control ants, carpet crutches, bearded ears, cockroaches, and watercolors.

Antidote:: Atropine, Toxigonin

Corn and its properties:

The Corn is one of the most widely used cereals in the world, used in food, animal husbandry, pharmacy, and so on. Not only does corn burn calories in the body, but it is rich in vitamins A, B, E and many minerals.

 High levels of fibrillation are sure to play the role of preventing chronic digestive disease, such as constipation and hemorrhoids, plus anal cancer. Also, antioxidants in maize also act as anti-cancer and anti-Alzheimer's agents.

 The benefits of corn health include controlling diabetes, preventing chronic heart disease, lowering blood pressure, and preventing fetal nerve pots at birth. The health benefits of corn are suggested by the nutritional properties of the corn. Due to the richness of the chemical, corn also protects against multiple chronic diseases.

 The rich source of calories: Corn is rich in calories, and it feeds on the diet of many people. The heat of corn is 342 calories per 100 grams, which is the highest in cereals.

 Prevention of hemorrhoids and anal or colon cancer:

The amount of fiber that is recommended is about 18.4% per corn per day. Corn helps reduce digestive problems, such as constipation and veins and, also, reduce the risk of colon cancer.

Rich sources of vitamins:

Maize is rich in vitamin B, in particular, thiamine and niacin, which is essential for maintaining healthy nerve and cognitive functions. The deficiency of niacin in the body causes the disease of pellagra; the cause of deficiency of niacin and protein in the body that is associated with skin lesions and disorders of the nervous system, diarrhea, and digestive disorders is exclusively indicated in malnourished people.

Corn is also a good source of pantothenic acid. This vitamin is needed for carbohydrate metabolism, as well as protein and fat in the body. Folic acid deficiency in pregnant women is low in infants and may also cause fetal defects at birth. To make

 Corn provides a significant amount of daily intake of folic acid salts, (vitamins BC), vitamins B, which promote the growth and development of cells.

 Yellow corn is a source of beta-carotene, which forms vitamin A in the body that is beneficial for sight and skin.

Vitamin E-rich corn grain is a natural antioxidant for growth.

Provide the body minerals:

Corn is separated from magnesium, manganese, iron, and copper with high levels of phosphorus.

Maize also has a small number of minerals such as selenium.

P is good for maintaining normal growth, bone health and kidney function properly.

Magnesium keeps the natural heartbeat and bones strong and strong.

 Antioxidant properties of corn:

 According to studies by the Cornell University, corn is rich in antioxidants fighting against cancer, which is due to free radicals. Baking boosts antioxidants in sweet corn. The rich source of phenolic acid and the combination of fluoride is an anticancer agent that is effective in breast cancer breast cancer liver cancer.

 Also, anthocyanins found in purplish corn act as scavengers for the clearance of free radicals that cause cancer of free radicals.

 Cardiovascular Properties: According to researchers, corn oil on the surface of cholesterol has an anti-degenerative effect on the blood vessels of the bloodstream, thereby preventing the risk of developing blood vessels in the heart.

Avoid Anemia:

Vitamin B12 and folic acid found in corn to prevent anemia that causes a deficiency of these vitamins.

 Reducing harmful cholesterol levels:

According to the Journal of Biochemistry, the use of corn seed oil reduces harmful cholesterol levels in the blood plasma by lowering the body's cholesterol absorption.

 Body Protection against Diabetes and Blood Pressure:

The consumption of corn on type 1 diabetes (a common lesion in the beta cells of the Langerhans Island of Hansa, so it is not secreted after insulin ingestion, it begins before 30 years of age) and high blood pressure is effective. Because the chemical phenolic acid is evident in all corn.

Makeup Use:

Cornstarch is used to make cosmetics in the factory. It may also be used for local skin irritation and scratches. To prepare cosmetics, maize products can replace carcinogenic petroleum products.

Corn is a rich source of nutrients and fiber. A meal filled with corn in a long course can protect the body against many diseases and chronic diseases.

Pharmaceutical properties:
Corn is cold and dry in the ancient Iranian medicine.

Corn ointment is a drying agent for wounds.
Corn is good food for cancer prevention.
Continuous use of corn prevents tooth decay.
Corn oil lowers blood cholesterol.
Corn oil is useful for treating eczema and skin diseases.

Corn applications:
Corn seeds are found in white, yellow, or a mixture of these two. The foods that are made with white corn are usually better.

Corn grain has three parts: endosperm, herb, and pericarp. The endosperm segment is predominantly made from starch (amylose 78% and amylopectin 22%), which is also used for other purposes.

The protein in the seed depends on a variety of factors, including the environment, plant type, and farming and farming conditions, varying between 8% and 15%. The main protein is zein corn, which contains tryptophan and lysine amino acids, which play an important role in human nutrition. The corn protein does not have gluten and can not produce a sticky form. Therefore, the resulting bread is made from the paste that is vermicelli. The amount of corn oil is 4%, which is more in the vegetable.


They use different corn plants. In the preparation of breakfast specialties, canned and frozen corn (usually sweet corn), corn, oil, mayonnaise, margarine, as well as corn cosmetics make use of corn. In advanced countries, most maize is consumed as a feedstuff. Mill maize mills produce corn meal that is used to prepare different foods.

They use stems and corn leaves in the paper and paper industry, as well as wallpaper. Corn flour uses glue, soap, and starch from the dyeing industry, pharmaceuticals, compounding, and plastics, as well as the production of paper and all types of flooring.