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How to grow cucumber

Gardening

Author bazram Page Views 179 7 min read

How to grow cucumber

Preparation of soil preparation for cucumber seedlings

Cucumber is one of the plants that has the shortest period of growth and the highest yield and is a good choice for beginners. So in this article learn how to produce delicious cucumber in your garden.

Preparation of soil preparation for cucumber seedlings

Wait until the soil is heated to grow cucumber. Cucumbers are very sensitive to cold temperatures, they can freeze up their frost.
In general, depending on where you live and when the weather begins to warm up, use cucumbers in May or April. Another method to determine the cucumber planting time is to consider the date of the last frost. For more certainty, wait at least two weeks after the last frost day.
The soil temperature should be at least 65 ° F (18 ° C). Note that the soil temperature can be a little colder than the air temperature.

Choose a sunny place. Cucumbers have the best growth when it receives enough light at all stages of its growth.
Sunlight is important as a power supply and the process of photosynthesis is important for cucumber planting. (Photosynthesis is a process in which green plants produce glucose in the sun and use carbon dioxide, as well as water, and release oxygen)
Sunlight is also important for temperature control. Continuous solar radiation is essential in order to heat the soil for seed germination.

Remove weeds. Before planting cucumber, weed out the garden. Because weeds take important and limited nutrients from the plant.
Extract the weeds with their roots. If you leave the root of the weed in the soil, weeds are likely to grow again.
Avoid herbicides. Chemical and organic herbicides evenly distribute the soil to grow plants.

Fertilizing the soil. Before planting cucumbers, spread granular fertilizer in head to head. (Granulated fertilizer is an organic fertilizer produced from poultry and livestock rot and has a full organic fertilizer for nutrients)
Before adding fertilizer or anything else to the soil, use a small hammock to soften the soil. By softening the soil, the additives can be completely mixed with the soil and the ideal conditions for cucumber planting.
Rich compost or rotten fertilizers are the best natural fertilizers for cucumber production. Combine them at a depth of 2 inches (about 5 centimeters) with soil and gradually combine them to a depth of 6 to 8 inches (20 to 24 centimeters).
If you are using a mineral fertilizer (non-organic), choose a fertilizer type and add it to the soil according to the instructions.

Maintain soil pH balance. Usually the pH of the soil should be relatively neutral to slightly alkaline, so keep the pH level about 7.0.
PH soil test with pH test machine.
To increase soil pH, add lime to soil.
To reduce soil pH, add sulfur or aluminum sulfate to the soil.

Improve soil quality. If the soil was too tight or too heavy, the cucumber would disappear or you would not have any cucumbers in that season.
Suitable for planting cucumber, soft soil, lightweight and sandy soils, because these types of soils are heated faster and easier to keep warm.
Modify the clay soils by adding organic ingredients and reinforce and heavier soil with pit, compost and rotten fertilizer. (Peat is a soil in which unpasteurized organic matter is mixed with a small amount of minerals including clay, silt, gravel, and black in the evolved evolutionary soils)

Cucumber planting training

Choose the best cucumber variety. In general, there are vine and bush species. The first species is more common, but if you have limited space for planting, the second species is more appropriate. Slicing or pickling species are also available. If you decide to use it immediately after harvest, you should choose a slicing type and if you intend to use another time, use a pickle (pickle cucumber).
Vine slicing varieties include: burpless, marketmore 76 and straight 8
Bush slicing includes bush crop, fanfare, and salad bush.
Pickling species include bush pickle and carolina

Planting cucumber seeds. Cucumber has a very fragile root, so direct planting on the soil is more suitable for cucumber. (In the direct sowing procedure, the seeds are pre-weeded in cotton cloth for 48 hours at room temperature and then seeds are planted in the desired area and then covered with a little grained on it)
If you want to pick cucumbers earlier than the season, use indirect (indirect) method, which, of course, requires a lot of information, care and care. (Indirect planting or transplantation: a small plant that passes part of its growth period in a controlled environment with light and temperature, and after passing the weather into the main ground)
Put buds in small pots on warm surfaces or in front of the light. The buds should be prepared about 4 weeks before transplanting.
When transporting cucumber seedlings, transfer the whole cucumber plant to the soil. The soil protects the sensitive roots of cucumber, otherwise the roots will disappear and the plant will probably not survive.

Soak the soil and moisture. If the soil is dry, irrigate the soil before adding seeds.
Humidity is critical for all stages of plant growth. Wetting the soil before planting the seed reduces the risk of watering the seeds due to the force of the water.
If the soil is completely dry, add about 1 inch (2 cm) of water to the soil using a hose or sprinkler.

Press the seed gently in the soil. Insert one or two seeds in soil from 2 to 3 centimeters.
The spacing, whether planting seeds or seedlings, should be between 18 and 36 inches (45 to 90 centimeters). Note that the distance in the bush can be less than the vine varieties.
Separate seeds between 6 to 10 inches (15 to 25 centimeters), and when the plants rise up to 4 centimeters (10 centimeters), do the thinning and removal of the extra bushes. After thinning, the spacing should be 18 inches (45 centimeters).

Prepare a scaffold (fence) for cucumber planting. Most cucumbers, especially the vine species, tend to grow vertically.
Cucumber may also grow horizontally, but the growth of cucumber vertically increases the flow of air and sunlight, thus increasing the overall performance.
You can use scaffolds, wooden pillars, fences (metal nets) or almost any other vertical structure.
Place cucumbers vines on the scaffolds. As the plants grow older, guide the leaves slowly onto the scaffolds.

Trained and picked up cucumbers

Add the mulch to the soil after emerging buds. In fact, covering the soil reduces the number of weeds and keeps the soil warm and well. (Mulch refers to any kind of cover that extends over soil to protect and enhance soil quality)

Organic mulches, such as straw and wood chips, should be used after plant sprouting and soil warming. However, it is possible to apply plastic mulch immediately after seeding.
Black mulch is used to keep the soil warm and humid. (In black mulch, black plastics are used, which effectively control weeds).

Irrigation on a regular basis. Cucumbers need a lot of moisture throughout the whole life cycle.
Deep irrigation is required at least once a week using a hose or sprinkler. At least 1 inch (2 centimeters) of water is required at any time.
Similarly, set up a drip irrigation system to regulate the flow of water continuously, when the foliage is dry, this is a good way, in which case the risk of fungal infections is also reduced.
Proper moisture is very important when cucumber begins to grow.

Every two weeks, fertilize. Use liquid fertilizers every two weeks to maintain soil quality.
If you do not use granular fertilizer when preparing the soil, you should use liquid fertilizer every two weeks. Do not use inorganic fertilizers on leaves of plants or fruits.
If you fertilize before planting cucumbers, when the roots of the floral appearance and flowers blossom, you must again fertilize. If you use organic fertilizer, it is better to use compost fertilizer or rotary fertilizer.
If the leaves are yellow, the need for nitrogen fertilizer is high.
Note, you do not have to fertilize too much plants, because they keep fruit small and reduce performance.

Protecting plants using metal grating (fencing). To protect plants from wild animals, metal gratings can be very helpful.
Grids should also prevent the entry of the smallest animals, such as rabbits and squirrels.
The lace in the early stages of planting cucumbers is very important, just as animals may be tempted to pull seeds and buds out of the soil. At this stage, you can cover the plants with baskets.
Note that you must remove the grids after the plants grow tall or big.

Caring for plants against pests and diseases. To remove insects, fungi and other small pests and diseases, it may be necessary to use some types of insecticides or fungicides.
Common pests include:
Cucumber Cucumber
White flies
Aphids
Spider mite
Common cucumber diseases include:
Bacterial wilt
Mosaic virus
Anthracene
Internal whisker
Powdery mildew or powdery mildew
Mosaic
Scab disease

When the cucumbers arrive, pick them up. Slicing cucumbers should be raised about 6 to 8 inches (24 to 20 centimeters) and a five-centimeter Pickling species to pick them up.
Cucumbers that were too big or too yellow were bitter. You should not allow cucumbers to reach this stage.
At harvest time, you can probably pick up cucumber every day.